Item #8030 Authorized Map of the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition. George Annand, del.

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Authorized Map of the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition.

[N.p., but likely New York, no publisher, ca. 1934]. Color-printed map, 22.875” x 17”, plus margins, decorative color border, mounted on paperboard. CONDITION: Very good, thin abrasion along middle horizontal fold with minimal losses to the map, one light crease at right margin, light wear to margins; many marks of residue from excised tape on the verso.

A colorful pictorial map of Antarctica depicting the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition (1933–35) and commemorating the pathbreaking radio broadcasts to and from Byrd’s expedition.

The expedition depicted here was led by the U.S. polar explorer, pioneer aviator, and naval officer Richard Evelyn Byrd (1888–1957), who is pictured at the upper right as the head of the cartouche. In addition to showing the entirety of Antarctica, the map embraces portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans, New Zealand, and a portion of South America. The various regions of Antarctica are identified as either explored, unexplored, or “most inaccessible.” Among the features identified are shelf ice, the Antarctic Archipelago, “tongues” (peninsulas), glaciers (“gl”), bays, ranges, the South Pole (with a scroll listing the years when Amundsen, Scott, and Byrd reached the Pole), etc.  

The inset at the upper left shows the route of the Byrd’s expedition (via the U.S., Central America, and New Zealand), and also shows the “path of the broadcast.” Yellow electrical bolts represent the path and are seen stemming from New York, passing through South America to Buenos Aires, and ending in “Little America” (Byrd’s first established base, founded in 1928). Additional bolts span across the U.S., representing the long wave transmission. The inset at lower right shows the Bay of Whales and the Ross Ice Shelf, and includes a detail map of Little America (showing towers, stores, shops, and more). 

As is common with pictorial maps of this era, the map and its cartouche are peppered with illustrations of animals (whales, dogs, penguins, etc.) and one evocative Antarctic scene. The following passage included in the cartouche celebrates the groundbreaking radio broadcasts to and from the Second Byrd Expedition: 

Past polar expeditions have been swallowed up by a silence which was never broken until they returned—if they did return. But on the Byrd Expedition there is being attempted the most notable feat in radio history—a two-way broadcast of the Expedition as it is being lived—from the very lips of the men themselves. Hailed by leading authorities as an important contribution to radio science, this series is made possible by General Foods, makers of Grape-Nuts.

Richard Byrd is best known for his explorations of Antarctica by airplane and for planning the path of the first transatlantic flight in 1919. After the present expedition—which saw him successfully combine aerial flights with long sledge and tractor journeys to explore the interior of Marie Byrd Land—Byrd undertook the U.S. Antarctic Service Expedition (1939–41). Often referred to as Byrd’s Third Antarctic Expedition, it was jointly sponsored by the U.S. Navy, State Department, the Department of the Interior, and The Treasury, with the objective of establishing two Antarctic bases.

Born in Michigan, George Annand (1890–1980) was a mapmaker active during the mid 20th century. After moving to New York, Annand studied at the Art Students League and worked in the advertising industry, working with the National Biscuit Co. (NABISCO) and also designing illustrated book covers. After losing his job during the Depression, he refused WPA work out of pride and continued to work illustration jobs and also started creating pictorial maps. His work with maps led Chicago-based publisher Rand McNally to commission him to create two romance maps. During and after the Second World War, Annand created numerous pictorial maps. According to Stephen Hornsby, Annand was “a cartographer’s cartographer.” He continued producing pictorial maps until 1970, when he had cataract surgery. He died in 1980. Other maps Annand created include A Map of Sinclair Lewis’s United States… (New York, 1934); Map of the Wonder Valley of Gold… (Connecticut, 1936); Romance Map of the Hudson River Valley (Chicago, 1937), and The Island of the Bahamas (Miami, 1951).

An attractive pictorial map of Antarctica celebrating the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition.

REFERENCES: Hornsby, Stephen J. Picturing America : the Golden Age of Pictorial Maps (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2017), pp. 33–38.

Item #8030

Price: $375.00

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