Item #8590 [Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title]. Stanley Stephen Gingolaski, comp.
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].
[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].

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Gingolaski, Stanley Stephen, comp.

[Photo album of the 31st Regiment in the Philippines and China]. Photo album [cover-title].

Philippines and China, ca. 1932. Oblong 4to (11” x 14.25”) photo album, embossed brown paper over boards with gilt decorations, brown cord tie at spine. 169 silver print photos (approx. 2” x 4” to 5.25” x 3”), 1 embossed chromolithographic postcard (5.4” x 3.5”). 1 photomechanical image of the 31st U.S. Infantry banner with the date 1932 (5.65” x 8.65”, plus margins). Many of the photos captioned in ink in the margins or in the negative, and some of the images are inscribed on the verso. PROVENANCE: Recently acquired from a descendant of the compiler. CONDITION: Photos overall good, strong tonality, light to moderate damage to several dozen photos; moderate wear to covers and paper, residue of many excised photos.

An ample and compelling photo album assembled by a U.S. serviceman and documenting America’s military presence in the Philippines during the 1920s, the native people of the Philippines, and the Sino-Japanese conflict known as the January 28 Incident (or Shanghai incident) in 1932.

Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Stanley Stephen Gingolaski (1914–?) compiled this album during his service overseas with the U.S. Army’s 31st Regiment. Evidently having left the service in the 1930s, Gingolaski is known to have worked at Bridgeport Brass Co. in Bridgeport, Connecticut in 1940. The 31st Regiment, which was based in the Philippines, constitutes one of the few regiments in U.S. Army history that was not at any time based on American soil. Formed in 1916, the regiment remained on duty in the Philippines until the chaos caused by the 1917 Russian Revolution, when the unit was sent to Russia to prevent looting and maintain borders. Following this deployment, the 31st returned to the Philippines, remaining there until February 1932, then deployed to Shanghai, China to protect the International Settlement in response to Japan’s invasion of China. Japanese forces in Manchuria began seizing Chinese territory late 1931, and bloody clashes between Chinese and Japanese civilians erupted in Shanghai in January 1932—the so-called January 28 Incident (28 Jan.–3 Mar. 1932). On March 3rd 1932 an agreement was reached between combatants, and the state of emergency in the International Zone was ended on June 13th. The 31st remained at this post until July, then returned to Manila. During World War II, the 31st was instrumental in holding Bataan, China for four months before being forced to surrender to Japanese forces. It was estimated that half the regiment’s complement died in the fighting—on the Bataan Death March in 1942, or subsequently as POWs. The regiment later saw active duty in Korea and Vietnam.

About three-quarters of this album consists of Philippines content, while the remaining quarter documents the scene in China. A few shots show Gingolaski’s residence in a thatched-house compound in the Philippines, as well as various thatched homes on stilts. Military scenes include U.S. soldiers in front of the “Post of Manila” (a former Spanish barracks); Philippine Scouts playing “old war drums”; U.S. soldiers lined up and preparing for inspection at a compound; a baseball game that drew a large crowd; a U.S. soldier standing under an awning reading, “Service Company 31 Infantry”; guns on the USS Neversail; an American barracks; the 31st Infantry “homeward bound”; and servicemen posing next to massive artillery. In a few of the military images, African American servicemen can be seen. Scenes of native Philippine labor include individuals making hemp, making ice cream; plowing rice and sugar cane fields; transporting coconuts to market via oxen and rafts; women making clothing; a large hunting party; building a road to Baguio; washing clothes; and watering cabbage. Other shots show young Filipino women or families and often feature jeering or lecherous captions (e.g., “Whata family”; “Just a small family”; “How you like to”; “Very nice huh…age 12,” etc.). Some of the locales documented include: Wall City, Baguio, Corregidor Island, Fort Santiago, Bontoc Gold Mine, Estado Mayor Colgante Bridge, Manila Bay, Pasig R. Bridge, Mount Santo Tomas, the entrance to Camp John Hay, a government building in Burgos, Burnham Green in Manila (where a Texaco sign is seen), a theater in Colgante, and the University of the Philippines Manila (in Ermita). A number of images picture a bone depository and feature U.S. servicemen posing with skeletons. One shot shows “Chief Head Hunter Bontoc” posing with several skulls. Also included are a range of water-side scenes showing both U.S. and Filipino vessels, piers, wharfs, and so forth. 

The photographs taken in China document the hostilities surrounding and during the January 28 Incident. A handful of these picture the 31st Infantry, Company G while in China, including a shot of the 31st posing with a “Chinese cop,” and U.S. lines in Shanghai during the January 28 Incident. Many images show destruction to parts of Shanghai’s Chapei (or Zhabei) District in the aftermath of the fighting. Among the destroyed buildings and structures are a mission; a railroad station; and train tracks. Other scenes of destruction pictured include the live explosion of two bombs dropped from an airplane; the results after three hours of Japanese shelling; visible burning, smoke, ruins, and destruction after air raids by the Japanese; and a blown-up Chinese train. Chinese military content includes soldiers both dead and alive, tanks, and a machine gun nest. Images of Japanese military subjects picture a gun at Woosung (“showing how [the] Chinese destroyed them”); tanks in action; soldiers carrying their wounded; and an explosion taking place “behind Jap[anese] firing lines.” Other shots show British soldiers during the conflict, the “famous M.G. Nest of Charlie Chan. N. Honan Road Chapel,” and the Studio D’Art in Cho Fo. 

A rich and varied collection of photographs covering the Philippines and China in the volatile 1930s.

REFERENCES: The First Battle of Shanghai” at Pacific Atrocities Education online; “The 31st Infantry Regiment” at The Army Historical Foundation.

Item #8590

Price: $1,800.00

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